The name shutter speed is sounds good, but what really is thats in DSLR camera shutter speed can do? Is there any effect to the other setting from Aperture and ISO? Okay, let’s talk about here. Although there is only one larger shutter button for you to click or press, it has it has many different sound and different speed numbers.
First, set your camera to Manual mode. Now, in digital camera shutter speed, is one of most important in DSLR cameras, it is because shutter speed control the image result, to what the image gonna be look LIKE. Let’s try to break down the words “shutter” and the “speed”. There are two things in camera when it comes to shutter speed.
- Slower shutter speed
- Faster shutter speed
A quick understanding for this two and what field you are going to use here is the following :
Slower shutter speed – is use for Night shot or in dark places, like you are going to capture the stars in clean and like seeing actual on your own eyes above the sky capturing stars, and use a tripod to avoid blur the image, while the…
Faster shutter speed – is used for fast moving subject like birds, all that moving fast subject. This shooting creates background effects.
The shutter in the camera is the same as the door, and the speed is how the door open and close quickly. All these, have parameters to control the shutter speed in the actual work, called settings. In the setting, under shutter speed you can see numbers like, 1/60s, 1/100s, 1/125s, 1/250s, 1/500s and so on. This number of shutter speed means, is the Fraction of a second. Meaning, if the 1/500s is going to set, your one shot is 500 times speed before reach to one second. Imagine how fast shutter is this. So it doesn’t matter how the subjects is to fast, the shutter speed can catch and freeze it. Now, here’s the advanced shutter speed in DSLR camera.
And this ARE:
- 1/1200s and 1/1000s
- 1/500s and 1/250s
- 1/15 and 1/8s
- 1/4s, 1/2s and 1s
- Bulb (b)
All the above parameters are really the shutter speed. In general consideration of term “speed” even if it is slower shutter, we still called it shutter speed. It start from 1/125s up to the extremely fast shutter 1/16000s. When you could only wish and study in photography or try to step inside photography work, the photographer started to determine before going to take picture.
He knows what shutter speed number to be used, because he understands the light or exposure. The availability of light of your surroundings. The amount of light in the environment, that will enter in the camera lens through the sensor image.
Camera Shutter, Faster than blink of an Eye.
The shutter button in the camera, when you press is like our eyelid that blink. Have you tried to blink your eyes faster before reaching 1 second? How many blinks can eye do in 1 or 2 seconds? I tried to experiment it to myself and the result is 4 to 5 blinks of an eye, inside the 1 second. So, the fastest eyelids blinks can do in two seconds, is only 8 blinks (normal).
When you look closely above the shutter speed of 1/16000s and 1/12000s, has between 4X (1000 x 4) stages of adjustment to give more light control, you will notice the increment from 1/12000s. It is to faster the speed Shutter, it means decreasing the amount of light to come in, if you apply faster shutter, because so quick to open and close inside the camera mechanism. See also the 1/8000s and 1/4000s, and by this, you can determine the light after you see the image. It may be dark image because of too fast speed Shutter. It is because you allow the light to be limited.
And the shutter speed will exactly follow what you have set parameter. So careful, but it doesn’t matter. Why? You can take shots 100 times and there’s no problem that. Practice makes perfect and soon you can fully understand it. Okay, try shooting and studying shutter speed result what image will look like.
You can try any Aperture speed (f/stops). But concentrate the behavior result image from every shot you take. You can take note, write in a small paper every shutter speed you perform, then make adjustment in your shutter and aperture and later your ISO too.
Here are list of common uses for standard shutter speeds.
All shutter speeds below when you are going to use, should you look into your Aperture as you change your shutter speed. By adjusting to lower the aperture or make higher your apertures.
Starts from :
1/16000s and less
Sunny day and bright light from 10:00 am to 1:30 pm
I use this shutter speed in birds flying and the wings is Freeze. But you have a longer lens for this, because you have to focus the birds or magnify for good capture. You can set up the focus point, make sure your lens is switch to Auto.
The fastest speed available in APS-H or APS-C format DSLR cameras (as of 2012). (Canon EOS 1D, Nikon D1, Nikon 1 J2, D1X, and D1H).
Sunny day and bright light from 10:00 am to 2:00 pm
This shutter speed still best for movies subject, you can lightly adjust the aperture up to two f/stops. Longer lens has sharp capture on this. Bird wings will freeze on this.
– The fastest speed available in any 35 mm film SLR camera. (Minolta Maxxum 9xi, Maxxum 9
Strong Bright light condition with sun 10:00 am to 3:00 pm
– The fastest speed available in production SLR cameras (as of 2013), also the fastest speed available in any full-frame DSLR or SLT camera (as of 2013).
Used to take sharp photographs of very fast subjects, such as birds or planes, under good lighting conditions, with an ISO speed of 1,000 or more and a large-aperture lens.
– The fastest speed available in consumer SLR cameras (as of 2009); also the fastest speed available in any leaf shutter camera (such as the Sony Cyber shot DSC-RX1) (as of 2013).
Used to take sharp photographs of fast subjects, such as athletes or vehicles, under good lighting conditions and with an ISO setting of up to 800.
1/2000s and 1/1000s
You can take pictures of slow fly birds like doves the is sharp, at the condition normal bright with sun at 2:00 pm to 3:00 pm.
– Used to take sharp photographs of moderately fast subjects under normal lighting conditions.
1/500s and 1/250s
– Used to take sharp photographs of people in motion in everyday situations.
– Is the fastest speed useful for panning; it also allows for a smaller aperture (up to f/11) in motion shots, and hence for a greater depth of field.
You can a shot this
– This speed, and slower ones, are no longer useful for freezing motion. 1/25s is used to obtain greater depth of field and overall sharpness in landscape photography, and is also often used for panning shots.
I was in high school till my college this speed is most that I use for taking ID picture for students and teachers in school. The lens that I to the camera is 50mm lens. At shutter speed of 1/60 of second and my aperture is f/5.6, I am using old manual camera at that time, which is now also used in dslr camera with no problem. There is advantage of a person who have experience in old manual camera, when using the manual mode in dslr are the same technique and nothing change.
– Used for panning shots, for images taken under dim lighting conditions, and for available light portraits.
At this point below almost all photographer’s use cable release and the camera attached to tripod. When you take shutter speed, the exposure time is longer. It means you allow the light more quantity of light to go inside your lens, that read and copy by sensor image.
– Used for panning subjects moving slower than 30 miles per hour (48 km/h) and for available-light photography. Images taken at this and slower speeds normally require a tripod or an image stabilized lens/camera to be sharp.
1/15s and 1/8s
– This and slower speeds are useful for photographs other than panning shots where motion blur is employed for deliberate effect, or for taking sharp photographs of immobile subjects under bad lighting conditions with a tripod-supported camera.
1/4s, 1/2s and 1s
Slower shot or delay shutter shooting in the night.
– Also mainly used for motion blur effects and/or low-light photography, but only practical with a tripod-supported camera.
bulb or (B) in the camera
This bulb mode is use for Night scene or in dark areas. Like you are shooting :
- Night Sky and Celestial Objects, astrophotography
- Streets at night ( creating streaks from moving cars)
- Light painting
(fraction of second to several hours)
– Used with a mechanically fixed camera in astrophotography and for certain special effects.
Conclusion of Using the Shutter speed
Mastering the light condition is a big help to understand how to use the shutter speed. Slower shutter speed, you allow the light and time to penetrate the lens, going to sensor image. The best result using slower shutter speed is to use tripod. Avoid camera shake, it will create blur with out noticing in your image.
Some instance using small lens on a 35mm film or sensor, on the 50mm lens are little chances of blurry your image.
The distance from the subject and you holding the camera has the measurements, and know how the time travels the light. Same as the Faster shutter speed, the availability of light controls by your shutter speed and that you apply quick open close the shutter, because of much bright light.
Now, Let me know from you my friend, what is your thoughts?
If you have any question please leave them below, I will be more than happy to help you out.